Below is a list of the sources that were used in the series A Non-Interventionist Appraisal of World War II.

Books and articles that I read that did not significantly advance my perspective on the war are not listed, nor are books that I consulted without reading in their entirety. It is not claimed that the resources below provide a comprehensive understanding of World War II, nor of even the non-interventionist perspective on that war. The scholarship on the war and the non-interventionists is much too broad (and growing) to make such a claim. However, these resources aided me in developing an understanding of the war that was consonant with both historical fact and a non-interventionist standard for foreign policy. All of the below works provide valuable references for further study.


Armstrong, Anne, Unconditional Surrender: The Impact of the Casablanca Policy upon World War II

Baldwin, Hanson, Great Mistakes of the War

Cole, Wayne, America First: The Battle Against Intervention, 1940-1941

Doenecke, Justus, Storm on the Horizon: The Challenge to American Intervention, 1939-1941

Fleming, Thomas, The Illusion of Victory: America in World War I

Fleming, Thomas, The New Dealers’ War: FDR and the War Within World War II

Flynn, John T., As We Go Marching

Folsom, Burton & Anita, FDR Goes to War: How Executive Power, Spiraling National Debt, and Restricted Civil Liberties Shaped Wartime America

Hersey, John, Hiroshima (online version of original New Yorker article)

Hoover, Herbert, Freedom Betrayed: Herbert Hoover’s Secret History of the Second World War and Its Aftermath

Jones, Gregg, Honor in the Dust: Theodore Roosevelt, War in the Philippines, and the Rise and Fall of America’s Imperial Dream

Kauffman, Bill, Ain’t My America: The Long, Noble History of Antiwar Conservatism and Middle-American Anti-Imperialism

Kennan, George, American Diplomacy

Kubek, Anthony, How the Far East Was Lost: American Policy and the Creation of Communist China, 1941-1949

Newman, Simon, March 1939: The British Guarantee to Poland

Nisbet, Robert, Roosevelt and Stalin: The Failed Courtship

Powell, Jim, Wilson’s War: How Woodrow Wilson’s Great Blunder Led to Hitler, Lenin, Stalin & World War II

Schroeder, Paul, The Axis Alliance and Japanese American Relations

Walker, J. Samuel, Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of the Atomic Bombs against Japan

Wedemeyer, Albert, Wedemeyer Reports! An objective, dispassionate examination of World War II, postwar policies, and Grand Strategy


Appy, Christian, “Our ‘Merciful’ Ending to the ‘Good War,'”

Bernstein, Barton, “American Conservatives Are the Forgotten Critics of the Atomic Bombing of Japan,” San Jose Mercury News

Bernstein, Barton, “The Atomic Bombs Reconsidered,” Foreign Affairs

Birzer, Bradley, “The Awful Humanity of Russell Kirk,” The Imaginative Conservative

Birzer, Bradley, “Made in America: Massacring the Innocents of Nagasaki,” The Imaginative Conservative

Buchanan, Patrick, “The Betrayal of Poland, 1939-1945,”

Buchanan, Patrick, “Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Christian Morality,” World Net Daily

Bullitt, William C., “How We Won the War and Lost the Peace,” Life (Part 1, Part 2)

Doenecke, Justus “American Isolationism, 1939–1941,” Journal of Libertarian Studies

Doenecke, Justus, “The Anti-Interventionism of Herbert Hoover,” Journal of Libertarian Studies

Doenecke, Justus, “Edwin M. Borchard, John Bassett Moore, and Opposition to American Intervention in World War II” Journal of Libertarian Studies

Doenecke, Justus, “Explaining the Antiwar Movement, 1939-1941,” Journal of Libertarian Studies

Ebelring, Richard, “Covering the Map of the World: The Half-Century Legacy of the Yalta Conference,” The Future of Freedom Foundation

Fleming, Thomas, “At Last, Honor For Albert Wedemeyer, a Great American Soldier,” History News Network

Folsom, Burton, “If FDR’s New Deal Didn’t End the Depression, Then it Was World War II That Did,” Foundation for Economic Education

Gregory, Anthony, “Terrorism by Any Reasonable Definition,” The Independent Institute

Grey, Tobias, “Hitler Didn’t Start Indiscriminate Bombings – Churchill Did,” The Spectator

Henderson, David, “Remembering Hiroshima,”

Higgs, Robert, “How War Amplified Federal Power in the Twentieth Century,” The Freeman

Higgs, Robert, “Wartime Prosperity? A Reassessment of the U.S. Economy in the 1940s,” The Journal of Economic History

Higgs, Robert, “World War II and the Military-Industrial-Congressional Complex,” Freedom Daily

Higgs, Robert, “World War II and the Triumph of Keynesianism,” The Independent Institute

Jenkins, Simon, “Dresden: Time to Say We’re Sorry,” Times of London

Jones, Edgar L., “One War is Enough,” The Atlantic

Kauffman, Bill, “Still America First,” The American Conservative

Kohn, Alfie, “Debunking a Convenient Myth About the Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki,”

Kurth, James, “The Tragic Death of the Habsburg Empire,” First Principles

Lawrence, David, “What Hath Man Wrought?” U.S. News

McCarthy, Daniel, “The Fearful Descent,”

McLaughlin, John, “The Bomb Was Not Necessary,” History News Network

Novak, Robert, “Betrayal at Yalta,” The Washington Post

Raico, Ralph, “Harry Truman and the Atomic Bomb,” The Mises Institute

Raico, Ralph, “The Road to World War II,” The Mises Institute

Richman, Sheldon, “The America First Committee,” The Future of Freedom Foundation

Richman, Sheldon, “Killing Non-Combatants,” Freedom Daily

Sobran, Joseph, “World War II: Our Tragic Legacy,” The New American

Stromberg, Joseph, “The Spanish-American War: The Leap into Overseas Empire,” The Future of Freedom Foundation

Wheatcroft, Geoffrey, “The Myth of the Good War,” The Guardian

Woods, Thomas, “The Anti-Imperialist League and the Battle Against Empire,” The Mises Institute

Zacharias, Ellis, “How We Bungled the Japanese Surrender,” Look

The Bombing of Civilians in World War II,”